Ethics: Pearson New International Edition

Theory and Practice
11e édition

VitalSource eBook (VitalBook) - En anglais 38,00 € DRM

Spécifications


Éditeur
Pearson Education
Édition
11
Auteur
Jacques P. Thiroux, Keith W. Krasemann,
Langue
anglais
BISAC Subject Heading
PHI005000 PHILOSOPHY / Ethics & Moral Philosophy
BIC subject category (UK)
HPQ Ethics & moral philosophy
Code publique Onix
05 Enseignement supérieur
Date de première publication du titre
01 novembre 2013
Subject Scheme Identifier Code
Classification thématique Thema: Ethique et philosophie morale

VitalSource eBook


Date de publication
01 novembre 2013
ISBN-13
9781292036021
Ampleur
Nombre de pages de contenu principal : 487
Code interne
1292036028
Protection technique e-livre
DRM

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BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS:

 

 

Contents


Preface  


Chapter 1   The Nature of Morality

Chapter 2  Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality
Chapter 3   Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality
Chapter 4   Virtue Ethics
Chapter 5   Absolutism Versus Relativism
Chapter 6   Freedom Versus Determinism
Chapter 7   Reward and Punishment

Chapter 8   Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles    

 

 

Chapter 9   The Taking of Human Life    

Chapter 10   Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing

 

 

Chapter 11   Abortion

 

 

Chapter 12   Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing

 

 

Chapter 13   Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality

 

 

Chapter 14   Bioethics—Ethical Issues in Medicine

 

 

Chapter 15   Environmental Ethics

 

Chapter 16   Business and Media Ethics

 

Appendixes 

 

Introduction 

 

Appendix 1:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of the Taking of Human Life
Appendix 2:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  
Appendix 3:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Abortion  
Appendix 4:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  
Appendix 5:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Human Sexuality 

Appendix 6:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Medicine (Bioethics) 

Appendix 7:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Business (Business and Media Ethics) 

Appendix 8:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Environmental Ethics  

 


 

 

Supplementary Reading  

Glossary  

Index  

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS:

 

Contents


Preface  


Chapter 1   The Nature of Morality

 Objectives
 What is Philosophy and Ethics’ Relationship to It?
 Definition of Key Terms
 Approaches to the Study of Morality
 Morality and Its Applications
 Where Does Morality Come From?
 Customary or Traditional and Reflective Morality
 Morality, Law, and Religion
 Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development
 Why Should Human Beings Be Moral?
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem  
 Notes


 

Chapter 2  Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality
 Objectives
 Psychological Egoism
 Ethical Egoism
 Utilitarianism
 Difficulty with Consequentialist Theories in General
 Care Ethics
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem 

 Notes

 

Chapter 3   Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality
 Objectives
 Act Nonconsequentialist Theories
 Rule Nonconsequentialist Theories
 General Criticisms of Nonconsequentialist Theories
 Conclusions
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem 

 Notes

 

Chapter 4   Virtue Ethics
 Objectives
 Definition of Terms
 Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics
 Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation
 Confucian Role Ethics
 Contemporary Analysis of Virtue Ethics
 Who Is the Ideal Virtuous Person?
 Vice and Virtue
 Conclusions
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions

 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem

 Notes

Chapter 5   Absolutism Versus Relativism
 Objectives
 The Meanings of Absolute
 The Meaning of Relative
 Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism
 Propositions and Truth
 Conclusion
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem

 Notes

 

Chapter 6   Freedom Versus Determinism
 Objectives
 The Meaning of Determinism
 Types and Theories of Determinism
 Fatalism and Hard and Soft Determinism
 Indeterminism
 Criticisms of Hard Determinism and Arguments for Freedom
 Conclusion: Soft Determinism
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem

 Notes

 

Chapter 7   Reward and Punishment
 Objectives
 Definition of Key Terms
 Reward and Punishment in Relationship to Justice
 Elements of Justice
 Reward
 Theories of How to Reward
 John Rawls and His Theory of Justice
 Punishment
 Theories of Punishment
 Is a Synthesis Possible?
 Human Rights
 Chapter Summary
 Exercises for Review
 Discussion Questions
 Suggested Readings
 Ethics Problem 

 Notes

 

Chapter 8   Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles  

 Objectives  

 Conflicting General Moral Issues  

 Basic Assumptions  

 Basic Principles, Individual Freedom, and Their Justification  

 Priority of the Basic Principles  

 A General Way of Determining Priority—Two Categories  

 How the System of Humanitarian Ethics Works  

 Conclusion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Discussion Questions 

 Suggested Readings

 Notes

  

 

 

Chapter 9   The Taking of Human Life  

 Objectives  

 The Taking of Human Life  

 Suicide  

 Defense of the Innocent (The Self Included)  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 War  

 Terrorism  

 Cases for Study and Discussion 

 Capital Punishment  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary 

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on the Taking of Human Life  

 Suicide  

 Defense of the Innocent  

 War and Terrorism  

 Capital Punishment  

 Reader Reactions  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes

  

Chapter 10   Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  

 Objectives  

 Definition of Terms  

 Current Legal Status of Mercy Death and Mercy Killing  

 Allowing Someone to Die  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Mercy Death  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Mercy Killing  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 11   Abortion  

 Objectives  

 Introduction to the Abortion Issue  

 When Does Human Life Begin?  

 Arguments Against Abortion  

 Arguments For Abortion  

 The More Moderate Positions on Abortion  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary 

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Abortion  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 12   Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  

 Objectives 

 Definition of Key Terms  

 Nonconsequentialist and Consequentialist Views 

 Lying  

 Cases for Study and Discussion 

 Cheating  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Breaking Promises  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Stealing  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 13   Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality  

 Objectives  

 Major Aspects of Human Sexuality  

 The Meaning and Purposes of Human Sexuality  

 Premarital Sex  

 Sex in Marriage-Type Relationships (Including Nonlegal)  

 Masturbation  

 Pornography  

 Prostitution  

 Sexual Perversion or “Unnatural” Sexual Activity  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary 

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 14   Bioethics—Ethical Issues in Medicine  

    Objectives  

 What Is Bioethics?  

 Health Care Professionals and Patients and Their Families—Rights and Obligations  

 Truth Telling and Informed Consent  

 Confidentiality  

 Guilt and Innocence in Treating Patients  

 Ethical Issues in Medicine  

 Stem Cell Research  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Bioethical Issues  

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

Chapter 15   Environmental Ethics  

 Objectives  

 Definition of Key Terms 

 Nature and Morality  

 Environmental Ethical Issues  

 Our Attitude Toward Nature and What Lies Behind It  

 Arguments for Use and Exploitation of the Natural Environment  

 Arguments Against the Use and Exploitation of Nature  

 Moderate Position  

 Criteria for Animal Rights  

 Ways of Dealing with Animal Rights  

 Use of Animals for Food  

 Use of Animals for Experimentation  

 Killing Animals for Sport  

 Protection of Endangered Species  

 Non-Western Perspectives on Environmental Issues  

 Conclusion  

 Cases for Study and Discussion  

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Suggested Readings  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Environmental Ethics  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

Chapter 16   Business and Media Ethics  

 Objectives 

 Introduction  

 Rights and Obligations in Business  

 Two Ways of Approaching Rights and Obligations in Business  

 The Moderate Position  

 Justice, Truth Telling, and Honesty in Business  

 Ethical Issues in Business  

 Sexual Harassment  

 The New Global Economy and the International Business Scene  

 Media Ethics  

 Corporate Greed—Enron  

 Cases for Study and Discussion 

 Chapter Summary  

 Exercises for Review  

 Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Business and Media Ethics 

 Suggested Readings  

 Ethics Problem 

 Notes  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendixes 

 

Introduction 

 

Appendix 1:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of the Taking of Human Life
Appendix 2:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing  
Appendix 3:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Abortion  
Appendix 4:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing  
Appendix 5:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Human Sexuality 

Appendix 6:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Medicine (Bioethics) 

Appendix 7:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Business (Business and Media Ethics) 

Appendix 8:Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Environmental Ethics  

 


 

 

Supplementary Reading  

Glossary  

Index  


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