Short Guide to writing about Literature:Pearson New International Edition


12e édition

VitalSource eBook (VitalBook) - En anglais 24,00 € DRM

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Éditeur
Pearson Education
Édition
12
Auteur
Sylvan Barnet, William E. Cain,
Langue
anglais
BISAC Subject Heading
LIT000000 LITERARY CRITICISM > LAN020000 LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Study & Teaching > REF026000 REFERENCE / Writing Skills
BIC subject category (UK)
DS Literature: history & criticism > CJCW Writing skills
Code publique Onix
05 College/higher education
Date de première publication du titre
29 novembre 2013
Subject Scheme Identifier Code
Classification thématique Thema: Apprentissage et enseignement des langues
Classification thématique Thema: Littérature : histoire et critique
Classification thématique Thema: Arts de l’écriture et techniques de rédaction

VitalSource eBook


Date de publication
29 novembre 2013
ISBN-13
9781292056449
Ampleur
Nombre de pages de contenu principal : 408
Code interne
1292056444
Protection technique e-livre
DRM

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Sommaire


PREFACE
LETTER TO STUDENTS 
 

PART 1

Jumping In


 

2—THE WRITER AS READER: READING AND RESPONDING 

 Kate Chopin, “Ripe Figs” 

 The Act of Reading 

 Reading with a Pen in Hand 

 Recording Your First Responses 

 Audience and Purpose 

 A Writing Assignment on “Ripe Figs” 

 The Assignment 

 A Sample Essay: “Images of Ripening in Kate Chopin’s ‘Ripe Figs’ ” 

 The Student’s Analysis Analyzed 

 Critical Thinking and the Study of Literature 

 

3—THE READER AS WRITER: DRAFTING AND WRITING 

 Pre-writing: Getting Ideas 

 Annotating a Text 

 More about Getting Ideas: A Second Story by Kate Chopin, “The Story of an Hour” 

 Kate Chopin: “The Story of an Hour” 

 Brainstorming for Ideas for Writing 

 Focused Free Writing 

 Listing 

 Asking Questions 

 Keeping a Journal 

 Critical Thinking: Arguing with Yourself 

 Arriving at a Thesis and Arguing It 

 Writing a Draft 

 A Sample Draft: “Ironies in an Hour” 

 Revising a Draft 

  A Checklist for Revising for Clarity

 Two Ways of Outlining a Draft 

  A Checklist for Reviewing a Revised Draft 

 Peer Review 

 The Final Version 

 Sample Essay: “Ironies of Life in Kate Chopin’s ‘The Story of an Hour’ ”  
 The Analysis Analyzed 

 Quick Review: From First Response to Final Version: Writing an Essay about a Literary Work 

 

4—TWO FORMS OF CRITICISM: EXPLICATION AND ANALYSIS 

 Explication 

 A Sample Explication: Langston Hughes’s “Harlem” 

 Working toward an Explication of “Harlem”  
 Some Journal Entries  
 The Final Draft: “Langston Hughes’s ‘Harlem’ ”  
 The Analysis Analyzed  
A Checklist: Drafting an Explication 

 Analysis: The Judgment of Solomon 

 Thinking about Form 

 Thinking about Character 

 Thoughts about Other Possibilities  

For Further reading and Analysis: The Parable of the Prodigal Son  NEW

Comparison: An Analytic Tool 

A Checklist: Revising a Comparison  

For Further Reading and Comparison: Gwendolyn Brooks’s “We Real Cool” NEW

  Finding a Topic 

 Considering the Evidence 

 Organizing the Material 

 Communicating Judgments 

 Review: How to Write an Effective Essay

1. Pre-writing 

  2. Drafting 

  3. Revising 

  4. Editing  
An Editing Checklist: Questions to Ask Yourself When Editing 

For Further Reading, Explication, and Comparison: William Blake’s “The Tyger” NEW

 

5–OTHER KINDS OF WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE 

 A Summary 

 A Paraphrase 

 A Review 

 A Review of a Dramatic Production  
 A Sample Review: “An Effective Macbeth” 

 

 

PART 2

Standing Back: Thinking Critically about Literature

 

6–LITERATURE, FORM, AND MEANING 

 Literature and Form

 Literature and Meaning 

 Arguing about Meaning 

 Form and Meaning 

 Robert Frost, “The Span of Life” 

 Literature, Texts, Discourses, and Cultural Studies

Suggestions for Further Reading


7–WHAT IS INTERPRETATION? 

 Interpretation and Meaning  
 Is the Author’s Intention a Guide to Meaning?  
 Features of a Good Interpretation 
 An Example: Interpreting Pat Mora’s “Immigrants”  
 Thinking Critically about Literature  
 A Student Interpretation of Robert Frost’s “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” 

 Sample Essay: “Stopping by Woods and Going On” 

For Further Interpretation, Comparison, and Writing: Robert Frost’s “The Road Not Taken” NEW

 Suggestions for Further Reading  

  A Checklist: Writing an Interpretation NEW

 

8–WHAT IS EVALUATION?  
 Criticism and Evaluation  
 Are There Critical Standards? 

 Morality and Truth as Standards  
 Other Ways to Think about Truth and Realism 

 Suggestions for Further Reading   

 

9–WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE: AN OVERVIEW  

 The Nature of Critical Writing  
 Some Critical Approaches 

 Formalist Criticism (New Criticism)  
 Deconstruction  
 Reader-Response Criticism  
 Archetypal (or Myth) Criticism  
 Historical Criticism 

 Marxist Criticism  
 The New Historicism  
 Biographical Criticism 

 Psychological (or Psychoanalytic) Criticism  
 Gender (Feminist, and Lesbian and Gay) Criticism 

 Suggestions for Further Reading  

 

PART 3

Up Close: Thinking Critically about Literary Forms

 

10—WRITING ABOUT FICTION: THE WORLD OF THE STORY  
 Plot and Character 

 Writing about a Character  
 A Sample Essay on a Character: “Holden’s Kid Sister”  
 The Analysis Analyzed 

 Foreshadowing 

 Organizing an Essay on Foreshadowing 

 Setting and Atmosphere 

 Symbolism 

 A Sample Essay on Setting as Symbol: “Spring Comes to Mrs. Mallard”  
 “Spring Comes to Mrs. Mallard” 

 Point of View 

 Third-Person Narrators 

 First-Person Narrators 

 Notes and a Sample Essay on Narrative Point of View in James Joyce’s “Araby” 

 “The Three First-Person Narrators of Joyce’s ‘Araby’ ”  
 The Analysis Analyzed 

 Theme: Vision or Argument? 

 Determining and Discussing the Theme 

 Preliminary Notes and a Sample Essay on the Theme of Eudora Welty’s “A Worn Path” 

 Preliminary Notes  
 “Rising into Love” (essay on “A Worn Path”)  
 A Brief Overview of the Essay  
A Checklist: Writing about Theme NEW

Basing the Paper on Your Own Responses  
 A Note on Secondary Sources 

  A Second Essay about Theme: Notes and the Final Version of an Essay on Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” 

 “ We All Participate in ‘The Lottery’ ”  
 The Analysis Analyzed  
 Suggestions for Further Reading 

A Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about Fiction 

  A Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about a Film Based on a Work of Literature 

 

11–GRAPHIC FICTION   NEW 

Letters and Pictures

Grant Wood’s “Death on the Ridge Road” (painting)

Topic for Writing

Reading an Image: A Short Story Told in One Panel

Tony Carillo’s “F Minus”

 

 12–WRITING ABOUT DRAMA 

 A Sample Essay 

 Preliminary Notes  
 “The Solid Structure of The Glass Menagerie” 

 Types of Plays 

 Tragedy 

  A Checklist: Writing about Tragedy 

 Comedy Writing about Comedy
A Checklist: Writing about Comedy 

 Aspects of Drama 

 Theme 

 Plot 

A Checklist: Writing about Plot 

 Characterization and Motivation 

 Conventions 

 Costumes, Gestures, and Settings 

 A Sample Essay on Setting in Drama 

 “ What the Kitchen in Trifles Tells Us” 

 The Analysis Analyzed 

 Suggestions for Further Reading

A Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about Drama 

A Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about a Film Based on a Play 

 A Student’s Essay on a Filmed Version of a Play 

 “Branagh’s Film of Hamlet”  
A Checklist: Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing 

 

13—WRITING ABOUT POETRY 

 The Speaker and the Poet 

 Emily Dickinson, “Wild Nights—Wild Nights”  
 The Language of Poetry: Diction and Tone  
 Edna St. Vincent Millay, “I, being born a woman and distressed”  
 Writing about the Speaker: Robert Frost’s “The Telephone”  
 Robert Frost, “The Telephone”  
 Journal Entries 

 Figurative Language 

 John Keats, “On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer”  
 Preparing to Write about Figurative Language 

 Imagery and Symbolism

William Blake, “The Sick Rose” 

 Structure 

 Robert Herrick, “Upon Julia’s Clothes”

 Annotating and Thinking about a Poem  
 The Student’s Finished Essay: “Herrick’s Julia, Julia’s Herrick”  
 Some Kinds of Structure  
 Repetitive Structure

William Wordsworth, “A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal”  
 Logical Structure

John Donne, “The Flea”  
 Verbal Irony  
 Paradox 

 Explication 

 A Sample Explication of Yeats’s “The Balloon of the Mind”  
 William Butler Yeats, “The Balloon of the Mind” 

 Rhythm and Versification: A Glossary for Reference 

 Rhythm 

 Meter 

 Patterns of Sound 

 Stanzaic Patterns 

 Blank Verse and Free Verse  
 Walt Whitman, “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer” 

 Preparing to Write about Prosody  
 Sample Essay on Metrics: “Sound and Sense in A. E. Housman’s ‘Eight O’Clock’” 

 “Sound and Sense in A. E. Housman’s ‘Eight O’Clock’ ”  
 The Analysis Analyzed 

 Suggestions for Further Reading 

A Checklist: Getting Ideas for Writing about Poetry 

 

14–POEMS AND PICTURES   NEW  

A Poem and a Sample Student Essay

Vincent van Gogn, “The Starry Night” (painting)

  Anne Sexton, “The Starry Night”

Sample Essay: “Two Ways of Looking at a Starry Night”

The Language of Pictures

Writing about Pictures

Comparing and Contrasting

William Notman, “Foes in ’76, Friends in ‘85” (photograph)

Analyzing and Evaluating Evidence

Thinking Critically: Arguing with Oneself,

   Asking Questions, and Comparing–E.E. Cummings’s “Buffalo Bill’s”

  A Writing Assignment: Connecting a Picture with a Work of Literature

Sample essay: “Two Views of Buffalo Bill”

 

15–WRITING ABOUT AN AUTHOR IN DEPTH 

 A Case Study: Writing about Langston Hughes 

 Langston Hughes, “The South”  
 Langston Hughes, “Ruby Brown” 

 Langston Hughes, “Ballad of the Landlord”  
 Sample essay: “A National Problem: Race and Racism in the Poetry of Langston Hughes”  
 A Brief Overview of the Essay 

 

 

PART 4

Inside: Style, Format, and Special Assignments

 

16–STYLE AND FORMAT 

 Principles of Style 

 Get the Right Word 

 Write Effective Sentences 

A Checklist for Revising for Conciseness 

 Write Unified and Coherent Paragraphs 

A Checklist: Revising Paragraphs 

 Write Emphatically 

 Notes on the Dash and the Hyphen 

 Remarks about Manuscript Form 

 Basic Manuscript Form 

 Quotations and Quotation Marks


17–WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER 

 What Research Is Not, and What Research Is 

  Primary and Secondary Materials 

 Locating Material: First Steps 

 Other Bibliographic Aids 

 The Basics 

 Moving Ahead: Finding Sources for Research Work 

 What Does Your Own Institution Offer? 

 Taking Notes   

Incorporating Your Reading into Your Thinking: The Art and Science of Synthesis NEW

 Drafting Your Paper 

 Focus on Primary Sources 

 Documentation 

 What to Document: Avoiding Plagiarism  
A Checklist for Avoiding Plagiarism  
 How to Document: Footnotes, Internal Parenthetical Citations, and a List of Works Cited (MLA Format) 

 Sample Essay with Documentation: “The Women in Death of a Salesman” 

A Checklist: Reading the Draft of a Research Paper 

 Electronic Sources 

 Encyclopedias: Print and Electronic Versions  
 The Internet/World Wide Web 

 Evaluating Sources on the World Wide Web 

A Checklist: A Review for Using the World Wide Web 

 Documentation: Citing a Web Source 

A Checklist: Citing World Wide Web Sources 

 

 

 

APPENDIX B: GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS 

 

APPENDIX C: HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW ABOUT CITING SOURCES? A QUIZ WITH ANSWERS

 

CREDITS 

 

INDEX OF AUTHORS, TITLES, AND FIRST LINES OF POEMS 

 

INDEX OF TERMS  


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