Numerical Analysis: Pearson New International Edition


2e édition

VitalSource eBook (VitalBook) - En anglais 45,00 € DRM

Spécifications


Éditeur
Pearson Education
Édition
2
Auteur
Timothy Sauer,
Langue
anglais
BISAC Subject Heading
MAT040000 MATHEMATICS / Complex Analysis
BIC subject category (UK)
PBKD Complex analysis, complex variables
Code publique Onix
05 College/higher education
Date de première publication du titre
01 novembre 2013
Subject Scheme Identifier Code
Classification thématique Thema: Analyse complexe, variables complexes

VitalSource eBook


Date de publication
01 novembre 2013
ISBN-13
9781292036748
Ampleur
Nombre de pages de contenu principal : 624
Code interne
1292036745
Protection technique e-livre
DRM

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Sommaire


Preface

0. Fundamentals

0.1 Evaluating a polynomial

0.2 Binary numbers

   0.2.1 Decimal to binary

   0.2.2 Binary to decimal

0.3 Floating point representation of real numbers

   0.3.1 Floating point formats

   0.3.2 Machine representation

   0.3.3 Addition of floating point numbers

0.4 Loss of significance

0.5 Review of calculus

0.6 Software and Further Reading

 

1. Solving Equations

1.1 The Bisection Method

   1.1.1 Bracketing a root

   1.1.2 How accurate and how fast?

1.2 Fixed point iteration

   1.2.1 Fixed points of a function

   1.2.2 Geometry of Fixed Point Iteration

   1.2.3 Linear Convergence of Fixed Point Iteration

   1.2.4 Stopping criteria

1.3 Limits of accuracy

   1.3.1 Forward and backward error

   1.3.2 The Wilkinson polynomial

   1.3.3 Sensitivity and error magnification

1.4 Newton’s Method

   1.4.1 Quadratic convergence of Newton's method

   1.4.2 Linear convergence of Newton's method

1.5 Root-finding without derivatives

   1.5.1 Secant method and variants

   1.5.2 Brent's Method

REALITY CHECK 1: Kinematics of the Stewart platform

1.6 Software and Further Reading

 

2. Systems of Equations

2.1 Gaussian elimination

   2.1.1 Naive Gaussian elimination

   2.1.2 Operation counts

2.2 The LU factorization

   2.2.1 Backsolving with the LU factorization

   2.2.2 Complexity of the LU factorization

2.3 Sources of error

   2.3.1 Error magnification and condition number

   2.3.2 Swamping

2.4 The PA=LU factorization

   2.4.1 Partial pivoting

   2.4.2 Permutation matrices

   2.4.3 PA = LU factorization

REALITY CHECK 2: The Euler-Bernoulli Beam

2.5 Iterative methods

   2.5.1 Jacobi Method

   2.5.2 Gauss-Seidel Method and SOR

   2.5.3 Convergence of iterative methods

   2.5.4 Sparse matrix computations

2.6 Methods for symmetric positive-definite matrices

   2.6.1 Symmetric positive-definite matrices

   2.6.2 Cholesky factorization

   2.6.3 Conjugate Gradient Method

   2.6.4 Preconditioning

2.7 Nonlinear systems of equations

   2.7.1 Multivariate Newton's method

   2.7.2 Broyden's method

2.8 Software and Further Reading

 

3. Interpolation

3.1 Data and interpolating functions

   3.1.1 Lagrange interpolation

   3.1.2 Newton's divided differences

   3.1.3 How many degree d polynomials pass through n points?

   3.1.4 Code for interpolation

   3.1.5 Representing functions by approximating polynomials

3.2 Interpolation error

   3.2.1 Interpolation error formula

   3.2.2 Proof of Newton form and error formula

   3.2.3 Runge phenomenon

3.3 Chebyshev interpolation

   3.3.1 Chebyshev's Theorem

   3.3.2 Chebyshev polynomials

   3.3.3 Change of interval

3.4 Cubic splines

   3.4.1 Properties of splines

   3.4.2 Endpoint conditions

3.5 Bézier curves

REALITY CHECK 3: Constructing fonts from Bézier splines

3.6 Software and Further Reading

 

4. Least Squares

4.1 Least squares and the normal equations

   4.1.1 Inconsistent systems of equations

   4.1.2 Fitting models to data

4.2 Linear and nonlinear models

   4.1.3 Conditioning of least squares

4.2 A survey of models

   4.2.1 Periodic data

   4.2.2 Data linearization

4.3 QR factorization

   4.3.1 Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization and least squares

   4.3.2 Modified Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization

   4.3.3 Householder reflectors

4.4 Generalized Minimum Residual (GMRES) Method

   4.4.1 Krylov methods

   4.4.2 Preconditioned GMRES

4.5 Nonlinear least squares

   4.5.1 Gauss-Newton method

   4.5.2 Models with nonlinear parameters

   4.5.3 Levenberg-Marquardt method

REALITY CHECK 4: GPS, conditioning and nonlinear least squares

4.6 Software and Further Reading

 

5. Numerical Differentiation and Integration

5.1 Numerical differentiation

   5.1.1 Finite difference formulas

   5.1.2 Rounding error

   5.1.3 Extrapolation

   5.1.4 Symbolic differentiation and integration

5.2 Newton-Cotes formulas for numerical integration

   5.2.1 Trapezoid rule

   5.2.2 Simpson's Rule

   5.2.3 Composite Newton-Cotes Formulas

   5.2.4 Open Newton-Cotes methods

5.3 Romberg integration

5.4 Adaptive quadrature

5.5 Gaussian quadrature

REALITY CHECK 5: Motion control in computer-aided modelling

5.6 Software and Further Reading

 

6. Ordinary Differential Equations

6.1 Initial value problems

   6.1.1 Euler's method

   6.1.2 Existence, uniqueness, and continuity for solutions

   6.1.3 First-order linear equations

6.2 Analysis of IVP solvers

   6.2.1 Local and global truncation error

   6.2.2 The explicit trapezoid method

   6.2.3 Taylor methods

6.3 Systems of ordinary differential equations

   6.3.1 Higher order equations

   6.3.2 Computer simulation: The pendulum

   6.3.3 Computer simulation: Orbital mechanics

6.4 Runge-Kutta methods and applications

   6.4.1 The Runge-Kutta family

   6.4.2 Computer simulation: The Hodgkin-Huxley neuron

   6.4.3 Computer simulation: The Lorenz equations

REALITY CHECK 6: The Tacoma Narrows Bridge

6.5 Variable step-size methods

   6.5.1 Embedded Runge-Kutta pairs

   6.5.2 Order 4/5 methods

6.6 Implicit methods and stiff equations

6.7 Multistep methods

   6.7.1 Generating multistep methods

   6.7.2 Explicit multistep methods

   6.7.3 Implicit multistep methods

6.8 Software and Further Reading

 

7. Boundary Value Problems

7.1 Shooting method

   7.1.1 Solutions of boundary value problems

   7.1.2 Shooting method implementation

REALITY CHECK 7: Buckling of a circular ring

7.2 Finite difference methods

   7.2.1 Linear boundary value problems

   7.2.2 Nonlinear boundary value problems

7.3 Collocation and the Finite Element Method

   7.3.1 Collocation

   7.3.2 Finite elements and the Galerkin method

7.4 Software and Further Reading

 

8. Partial Differential Equations

8.1 Parabolic equations

   8.1.1 Forward difference method

   8.1.2 Stability analysis of forward difference method

   8.1.3 Backward difference method

   8.1.4 Crank-Nicolson method

8.2 Hyperbolic equations

   8.2.1 The wave equation

   8.2.2 The CFL condition

8.3 Elliptic equations

   8.3.1 Finite difference method for elliptic equations

REALITY CHECK 8: Heat distribution on a cooling fin

   8.3.2 Finite element method for elliptic equations

8.4 Nonlinear partial differential equations

   8.4.1 Implicit Newton solver

   8.4.2 Nonlinear equations in two space dimensions

8.5 Software and Further Reading

 

9. Random Numbers and Applications

9.1 Random numbers

   9.1.1 Pseudo-random numbers

   9.1.2 Exponential and normal random numbers

9.2 Monte-Carlo simulation

   9.2.1 Power laws for Monte Carlo estimation

   9.2.2 Quasi-random numbers

9.3 Discrete and continuous Brownian motion

   9.3.1 Random walks

   9.3.2 Continuous Brownian motion

9.4 Stochastic differential equations

   9.4.1 Adding noise to differential equations

   9.4.2 Numerical methods for SDEs

REALITY CHECK 9: The Black-Scholes formula

9.5 Software and Further Reading

 

10. Trigonometric Interpolation and the FFT

10.1 The Fourier Transform

   10.1.1 Complex arithmetic

   10.1.2 Discrete Fourier Transform

   10.1.3 The Fast Fourier Transform

10.2 Trigonometric interpolation

   10.2.1 The DFT Interpolation Theorem

   10.2.2 Efficient evaluation of trigonometric functions

10.3 The FFT and signal processing

   10.3.1 Orthogonality and interpolation

   10.3.2 Least squares fitting with trigonometric functions

   10.3.3 Sound, noise, and filtering

REALITY CHECK 10: The Wiener filter

10.4 Software and Further Reading

 

11. Compression

11.1 The Discrete Cosine Transform

   11.1.1 One-dimensional DCT

   11.1.2 The DCT and least squares approximation

11.2 Two-dimensional DCT and image compression

   11.2.1 Two-dimensional DCT

   11.2.2 Image compression

   11.2.3 Quantization

11.3 Huffman coding

   11.3.1 Information theory and coding

   11.3.2 Huffman coding for the JPEG format

11.4 Modified DCT and audio compression

   11.4.1 Modified Discrete Cosine Transform

   11.4.2 Bit quantization

REALITY CHECK 11: A simple audio codec using the MDCT

11.5 Software and Further Reading

 

12. Eigenvalues and Singular Values

12.1 Power iteration methods

   12.1.1 Power iteration

   12.1.2 Convergence of power iteration

   12.1.3 Inverse power iteration

   12.1.4 Rayleigh quotient iteration

12.2 QR algorithm

   12.2.1 Simultaneous iteration

   12.2.2 Real Schur form and QR

   12.2.3 Upper Hessenberg form

REALITY CHECK 12: How search engines rate page quality

12.3 Singular value decomposition

   12.3.1 Finding the SVD in general

   12.3.2 Special case: symmetric matrices

12.4 Applications of the SVD

   12.4.1 Properties of the SVD

   12.4.2 Dimension reduction

   12.4.3 Compression

   12.4.4 Calculating the SVD

12.5 Software and Further Reading

 

References

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