Cognitive Psychology: Pearson New International Edition

Applying The Science of the Mind
3e édition

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Pearson Education
Bridget Robinson-Riegler, Gregory L. Robinson-Riegler,
BISAC Subject Heading
PSY008000 PSYCHOLOGY / Cognitive Psychology & Cognition
BIC subject category (UK)
JMAQ Cognitivism, cognitive theory
Code publique Onix
05 Enseignement supérieur
Date de première publication du titre
01 novembre 2013
Subject Scheme Identifier Code
Classification thématique Thema: Connaissance et psychologie cognitive

VitalSource eBook

Date de publication
01 novembre 2013
Nombre de pages de contenu principal : 630
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Table of Contents:  


Chapter 1—Cognitive Psychology: A Brief History and Introduction

What is Cognition?

   The Omnipresence of Cognitive Processing

   An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Psychology B.C. (Before Cognitive psychology)


   Structuralism: The Contents of Mental Experience

   Functionalism: The Functions of Mental Experience

   Behaviorism: The Rejection of Mental Experience

   Laying the Foundation for Cognitive Psychology

The Emergence of Cognitive Psychology

   S-R Explanations: Seriously wRong?

   Technological Influences

PSYCHOLOGY A.D. (After Decline of behaviorism)

Behaviorism Reconsidered

Information-Processing: A Computer Metaphor for Cognition

   Connectionism: A Brain Metaphor for Cognition

   The Brain: More than a Metaphor

Current Trends in the Study of Cognition


 Chapter 2—Perception and Consciousness: Basics of Information Intake


Basic Issues in Perception

   Sensation and Perception

   Bottom-Up and Top-Down Processing

The Basic Tasks of Visual Perception

   Perceptual Organizational Processes

Multisensory Interaction and Integration


   Comparing the Senses

   Perception and Action


   Varieties of Consciousness

   Disassociations of Consciousness

   Subliminal Perception


 Chapter 3—Mechanisms of Attention: Monitoring and Noticing Information

Attention: What is it?

   Attention: Basic Characteristics

   Pre-Attentive vs. Post-Attentive Processing

Visual Attention

   Types of Visual Attention

Limits in Visual Attention

Auditory Attention

Selective Attention

Divided Attention

Automatic Processing

The Stroop Effect

Characteristics of Automatic Processing

Accounts of Automaticity

Costs of Automaticity

Driving: A Case Study in Attention

Driving and Auditory Attention

Driving and Visual Attention

 Chapter 4 – Immediate Memory: The Control and Manipulation of Information

The Importance of Executive Attention

Immediate Memory: Basic Characteristics

   Limits in Duration

   Limits in Capacity


Theoretical Frameworks for Immediate Memory

   The Modal Model

   The Working Memory Model

A Unitary View of Memory

Embedded-Process View

Something We All Can Agree On: Capacity Limits and Forgetting

Who’s the Boss? Problems in Executive Control

   Mind Wandering

   Ironic Processes of Control

   The Effects of Stress

   Improving Executive Function 


Chapter 5 – Objects and Concepts: Identifying and Classifying InformationIdentification and Classification: An Overview

  Recognizing from the Bottom, Up and from the Top, Down

  Object Recognition

  Theories of Visual Object Recognition

  Non-Visual Recognition

Face Recognition

  Face Inversion

  Holistic Processing

  Is Face Recognition "Special"?

Individual Differences


Retrieving Names of Faces: Person Recognition

Networks and Concepts: The Classification Database

  Semantic Networks

 Concepts and Categories

  Similarity-Based Categorization

Essentialist Approach: Concepts as Theories


 Chapter 6 – Basic Processes in Long-Term Memory: Encoding and Retrieving Information

Fundamental Issues and Distinctions

Types of Long-Term Memory

A Descriptive Framework: Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval

LTM: Modes of Access and Use

Encoding Processes in Explicit Long-term Remembering

Attention and Repetition


Levels of Processing


Fitness-Relevant Processing

Organization and Distinctiveness

Remembering Action

Transfer Appropriate Processing

Retrieval Processes in Long–Term Memory

Availability and Accessibility

Encoding Specificity

Aging and Retrieval

Memory and Consciousness

  Remembering and Knowing

Implicit Memory


 Chapter 7 – Autobiographical Memory: Recalling Important Events from Life

Everyday Memory

Neisser’s Challenge: Ecological Validity and Memory Research

Autobiographical Memory: Basic Issues and Methodology

   Memories vs. Facts

   Methods of Investigation

Recalling a Life: Developmental Aspects of Autobiographical Memory

   Childhood Amnesia

   The Reminiscence Bump


Autobiographical Memory Retrieval

Encoding Specificity in Autobiographical Memory

Effective Cues for Autobiographical Memories

Models of Autobiographical Memory Retrieval

Involuntary Autobiographical Memories

Emotion and Autobiographical Remembering

Flashbulb Memories

Memory for Trauma

Mood and Autobiographical Remembering

Functions of Autobiographical Memory

Communicative Function

Emotional Function

Directive Function


 Chapter 8  —-Malleability in Memory: Processes of Forgetting, Editing, and Distortion

The Sins of Memory

Eyewitness Memory

Encoding and Storage I: Event-Related Factors

Encoding and Storage II: Post-Event Factors

Retrieval Factors

Illusory Memories

Simple Events

Complex Events

False Remembering: Theoretical Frameworks

The Recovered Memory Controversy

Memories for Traumatic Events: Forgotten, Then Recalled?

Remembering and Forgetting Trauma: Ordinary Forgetting and Special Mechanisms?

False Memories for Traumatic Events?

Answering the Question


 Chapter 9 – Language I: Basic Issues and Speech Processing

Language: Basic Principles

   Linguistics and Psycholinguistics

Words and Rules

   Design Features of Language

  Language in Nonhuman Animals

   Levels of Analysis

Phonology: The Sounds of Language

  Phones and Phonomes

Morphology: From Sounds to Words

  Producing (or "Morphing") the Spoken Word

  Perceiving the Spoken Word

Syntax and Semantics: From Words to Sentences

Transformational Grammar

Pragmatics: The Social Aspects of Language

Conversational Structure

Gender and Conversation

Putting it All Together: Language Production and Perception

Speech Production

Speech Perception

Motor Theory of Speech Perception

Auditory Theory of Speech Perception

A Re-Assessment: Kind of Special?


 Chapter 10 –Language II: Reading and Comprehending Text

Mechanical Aspects of Reading

Top-Down and Bottom-Up Processes in Reading

Eye Movements

Word Recognition


How Should Reading Be Taught?

Anglo-Centric Language Studies

Reading Myths

Sentence Level Processing

Sentence Parsing

Discourse Comprehension

Levels of Representation

Structure and Coherence

Discourse Memory and Representation

Memory for Discourse

Models of Discourse Comprehension


Speed Reading?


 Chapter 11 – Judgments and Decisions: Using Information to Make Choices

Fundamental Concepts

The Focus on Errors

Dual-Process Views


Deductive Reasoning

Inductive Reasoning


The Availability Heuristic

The Representative Heuristic

The Anchoring and Adjustment Heuristic

Biased Evaluation of Our Judgments

Decision Making

Expected Utility: A Normative Approach

Prospect Theory: A Descriptive Approach

Emotions and Decision Making

Decisions Making: Biases or Adaptive Tools?

Improving Decision Making


 Chapter 12 – Problems and Goals: Using Information to Arrive at Solutions

What is a Problem?

Well-Defined and Ill-Defined Problems

Routine and Nonroutine Problems

Problem-Solving Research: Some Methodological Challenges

Approaches to the Study of Problem Solving

Behaviorism: Problem Solving as Associative Learning

Gestalt Psychology: Problem Solving as Insight

Cognitive Psychology: Problem Solving as Information Processing

Problem Representation

Rigidity in Problem Representation

Individual Differences in Problem Representation

Problem Solution



Experts: Masters of Representation and Solution

Expert Advantages

Expert Disadvantages: Costs of Expertise

Insight and Creativity






Photo Credits

Name Index

Subject Index

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